Due to its unique natural background, exceptional geomorphological forms and magnificent forests, the area of Velika and Male Paklenica was proclaimed in 1949 as a national park. The main reason for proclaiming this area to the national park was the protection of the most preserved and largest forest complex in Dalmatia.
Paklenica National Park extends over 95 km², on the southern slopes of Velebit, below the highest peaks of Vaganski vrh (1757m) and Sveti Hill (1753m). It covers the area of the torrent streams of Velika and Male Paklenica, or their recognizable canyons vertically engraved in the southern slopes of Velebit, and the wider surrounding area. In a relatively small area, there is an abundance of geomorphologic phenomena and forms, diverse plant and animal worlds, attractive landscapes and untouched nature. The diversity of the living world is conditioned by climatic characteristics but also by the rich and diverse geological past.
The recognizable features of Paklenica National Park are autochthonous black pine forests, several types of beech forests, and deep canyons with streams of Velika and Mala Paklenica. The wider area of NP Paklenica is also characterized by a rich and varied cultural heritage.
DATE OF PROTECTION OF PROTECTED AREA: October 19, 1949
ACTS ON PROTECTION:
Law on proclaiming forest Paklenica National Park (Official Gazette 84/49);
Act on Amendments to the Law on Proclamation of the Paklenica National Park (OG 15/97)
AREA: 95 km2
THE HIGHEST RANGE: Vaganski vrh 1 757 m, Sveti brdo 1 753 m
COUNTY: Zadar (64 km2) and Lika-Senj (31 km2)
MUNICIPALITIES: Starigrad and Lovinac
INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION: MAB (UNESCO) – Biosphere Reserve February 10, 1978
The name of Paklenica is probably derived from the black pine resin, so-called. The “coupons” that the local population used in folk medicine, wound healing, then as a port for lighting and for coating wooden boats.