Drystone Walls of Kornati
Since the arrival of new colons (people of Murter, Betina and Zaglav in the 17th century) until the end of the 19th century, the circumstances in Kornati archipelago almost did not change. Documents about life on the Kornati islands are very scarce. At that time the first shepherd houses (flats) were built – small rural complexes located at the edge of the olive fields in Kornati. In cadastral maps from 1824 to 30 187 columns with the domicile settlement Murter were enrolled. These inscriptions relate mainly to the inland islands (not to the sea). However, it is important to note that in 1682 the documents mentioned for the first time that Murter, the inhabitants of the island of Pašman and the neighboring mainland, are a “disruption” to the fishermen from Sali. Since then, the conflicts around the fishing rights in the Kornati islands have become ever more intense.
At the end of the 19th century, Zadar’s landowners, as the former owners of the Kornati land – because of the new agricultural policy in Dalmatia – were no longer able to pay taxes and fees, so all of the Kornati islands were sold. In 1885, Murter people bought island Žut and in 1896 together with people from Betina and Zaglav also bought Kornati islands. The inhabitants of the island of Murter thus became owners of more than 90% of Kornati. People from Sali continued to exploit the sea due to the traditional and written fishing rights they had throughout the history of the islands.
At the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries, the economy and life in Kornati gained new significance. This is the time of the strongest agrarian activities. Until then, almost exclusively the grasslands landscape experienced the greatest transformation in terms of increasing the surface area (the number of crevices and fences at that time dropped by half). At the same time there was a complex mosaic of drywall fences, today one of the most interesting cultural attractions in the park area. Life slowly moved from the interior of the Kornati land to the shores. Ports, settlements in maritime more favorable bays, have been given full significance only in the 20th century.